Equatorial Business Group PLC

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coffee production in ethiopia



The four sources of coffee are Forest coffee, semi-forest coffee, garden coffee, and plantation coffee. Each method has its own unique characteristics and produces a distinct type of coffee in flavor and aroma:


LoForest Coffee:  This is coffee found in the wild, growing under thick, fully covered natural forest trees. It is often where the diversity in breeds is found due to disease resistance. It has a top quality aroma and flavor. It accounts for 10% of Ethiopia’s total coffee production



Semi-Forest coffee: is coffee from a producer secured forest land that has been selected for adequate sunlight and shade for the coffee trees. Producers prepare the trees by removing weeds periodically and therefore, yield higher production due to increased sun. It accounts for 35% of Ethiopia’s coffee production.




Garden Coffee: is coffee produced in small farm holdings, often at low densities, ranging from 1000 to 1,800 trees per hectare. It is mostly fertilized with organic waste and is intercropped with other crops. This way of coffee production accounts for 50% of the total production.





Plantation coffee:  plantation coffee is coffee grown on commercial plantations mostly owned by state entities and some private. It is a planned and commercialized coffee farming, accounts for 5% of the total coffee production in Ethiopia.





Coffee Processing

Ethiopia is home to large quantities of coffee in both of the world’s two major production styles: Sun dried natural, and fully washed.


Sun dried natural

In the dry or “natural” process, coffee cherries are dried whole. Producers lay the coffee cherries, skin and all, out to dry on the beds.Over time, the skin and sticky juices of the cherries dries out in the sun. This process can take several days up to a few weeks, depending on the temperature and the intensity of the sun. Once the process is completed, sacks of dried cherries are taken to a hulling station for the removal of the outer cherry.Generally, as the result of prolonged and sun fueled contact with the cherry’s own natural sugars, sun dried natural coffee have a sweet, fruity character with a creamy mouth feel. The best, most carefully cared for sun dried natural coffees can have intense berry flavors, tropical fruit aromatics, and chocolaty undertones.
Natural process green coffee beans often have a yellowish or orange like tinge to them. This is a natural result of prolonged contact with the sugars as they “cook” into the bean in the sunlight.